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OSHA Crane Inspection

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1910.179 Overhead and Gantry Cranes


Inspection:
Initial inspection. Prior to initial use all new and altered cranes shall be inspected to ensure compliance with the provisions of this section . . .

The two general classifications are herein designated as "frequent" and "periodic" with respective intervals between inspections as defined below:
(a) Frequent inspection - Daily to monthly intervals
(b) Periodic inspection - one to 12-month safety
intervals


Frequent inspection. Items shall be inspected for defects at specified intervals as defined in OSHA 1910.179, including observation during operation for any defects which might appear between regular

inspections. All deficiencies shall be carefully examined and determination made as to whether they constitute a safety hazard . . .  (see OSHA 1910.179 for more information).

Period inspection. Complete inspections of the crane on electrical, mechanical and structural components shall be performed at specified intervals as generally defined in OSHA 1910.179, depending upon its activity, severity of service, and environment, or as specified. Any deficiencies shall be carefully examined and determination made as to whether they constitute a safety hazard . . .(see OSHA 1910.179 for more information).

Cranes not in regular use:
(i) A crane which has been idle for a period of one month or more, but less than six months, shall be given an inspection conforming with requirements OSHA 1910.179 before placing in service.
(ii) A crane which has been idle for a period of over six months shall be given a complete inspection conforming with requirements of OSHA 1910.179 before placing in service.
(iii) Standby cranes shall be inspected at least semi-annually in accordance with requirements of OSHA 1910.179



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